NRWT is Non-Resident Withholding Tax. Essentially, if you're paying interest, dividends or royalties to people (and banks, e.g. a mortgage with an overseas bank) who aren't New Zealand tax residents, you'll need to deduct NRWT. However, there are exceptions. We'll write some more about that soon, but here's a link to check out in the meantime.
The other alternative is to pay AIL (Approved Issuer Levy). If you pay interest to a (non associated) non-resident lender, and want to pay it at a zero rate of NRWT, you have to apply to Inland Revenue to become an approved issuer. Instead of deducting NRWT, approved issuers must pay a levy on the securities they register with Inland Revenue.
Again, we'll write some more about this later, but here's some bedtime reading on the subject.
Are You A "Cash Basis" Person?
Here's how to tell:
The criteria for a person to be classified as a Cash Basis Person are that the value of all financial arrangements of the person do not exceed certain values and that there is not a difference between accrual and cash recognition exceeding $40,000. This $40,000 is cumulative from year to year.
The rules under the first criterion are that one of the following is satisfied:
- income and expenditure under all financial arrangements for the income year does not exceed $100,000, or
- the absolute value of all financial arrangements to which the person is a party on every day of the income year does not exceed $1 million with that value calculated on the basis of:
- face value for a fixed principal financial arrangement
- the amount owing for a variable principal debt instrument, and
- the value determined under the old financial arrangements rules if they apply to the financial arrangement.
- The overall $40,000 threshold requires the application of a formula to all financial arrangements to which the person is a party. The product (difference between the income on a cash and accrual basis) cannot exceed $40,000 if the person is to be a cash basis person.